2 edition of Heritability estimates for seed and plant characteristics in white clover (Trifolium repens L.) found in the catalog.
Heritability estimates for seed and plant characteristics in white clover (Trifolium repens L.)
Dal Ung Kim
Written in English
|Statement||by Dal Ung Kim.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||, 107 leaves, bound ;|
|Number of Pages||107|
Heritability estimates act as a measure of the relative additive genetic effects in generating a population range of phenotypes (Falconer and Mackay ). In other words, heritability estimates provide a measure of the relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors in generating phenotypic by: NARROW SENSE HERITABILITY It plays an important role in the selection process in plant breeding For estimation of narrow sense heritability, crosses have to be made in a definite fashion It is estimated from additive genetic variance It is useful for plant breeding in selection of elite types from segregating populations lour. Iowa Acad. Sci. (1,4), Narrow Sense Heritability and Additive Genetic Correlations in Alfalfa a HEATHCLIFFE RIDAY1'3 and E. CHARLES BRUMMER2,4 1U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center, USDA-ARS, Madison, Wisconsin 2Department of Crop and Soil Science, University Georgia, Athens, Georgia The complex genetics of Cited by: 2. per plant (%). Heritability for plant height was, however, low (%). IntheB1MMprogeny population, all traits showed moderate broad sense heritability estimates, ranging from % to% (Table 2). RESULTS Heritability A summary of the results of the analyses of varianceand estimates ofbroad-senseheritability.
Analysis of variance for seed yield per plant and its component showed significant differences among all genotypes. Broad-sense heritability ranged from % (total pod number per plant) to % (seed weight). Moderate and high estimates of broad sense heritability were observed for branches number per plant, harvest index and seed Author: Aybegün Ton, Adem Emin Anlarsal.
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White clover genotypes were selected for high and low values of leaf size, taproot diamater, number of taproots, Heritability estimates for seed and plant characteristics in white clover book of total root and taproot dry weight.
Crosses within selected groups of genotypes resulted in 14 seed lines, which were compared with parent genotypes in field tiles. Selections for taproot diameter and proportion taproot were more Cited by: Broad sense heritability estimates were higher (>) for leaflet width, petiole length and stolon diameter, than for Heritability estimates for seed and plant characteristics in white clover book root character heritability estimates which were between and A Heritability estimates for seed and plant characteristics in white clover book of genotypes from a number of white clover (trifolium repens L.) cultivars and populations, many collected from dryland areas, were cloned andCited by: Abstract.
White clover (Trifolium repens L.) herbage production in intensively grazed pasture is related to clover stolon growing point stolon density is associated with small leaf size.
The objective of this study was to examine the probability of breaking the genetically controlled link between leaf size and stolon density by manipulating internode length and branching.
Phenotypic Analysis and Heritability of Seed Production Components in Red Clover (T rifolium pratense L.) loid varieties, higher average values were observed for varieties N Soﬁ a. HERITABILITY AND ITS GENETIC WORTH FOR PLANT BREEDING Author: Prasanta Kumar Majhi M. (Agri.), Junior Research Scholar, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, UAS, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
INTRODUCTION The heritability of a metric character is one of the most important properties. It is the. White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is the most widely grown temperate forage legume and the most common forage legume in pastures grazed by sheep or cattle.
The development and plant characteristics of interspecific hybrids between white and caucasian clover K.H. WIDDUP 1, S.W. HUSSAIN 2, W.M. WILLIAMS 2, W.L. LOWTHER 3, H.N. PRYOR 3, and B.L.
SUTHERLAND 1 1AgResearch, PO Lincoln 2AgResearch Grasslands, Private BagHeritability estimates for seed and plant characteristics in white clover book North 3AgResearch, Invermay Agricultural. Plant and tuber characteristics were measured during the growing season and at the harvest. The following morphological and yield characteristics were measured on randomly selected 3 plants in each plot: plant height (cm), stem number, leaf number, leaf width and length, tuber number, single tuber weight (g), plant yield (g).
At the. Genotypic variation for important agronomic characters, was assessed between and within 11 local populations of white clover using replicated clonal experiments at two locations in Norway during Genotypic variances were highly significant (pCited by: 8.
Evaluation of Simple Methods for Estimating Broad-Sense Heritability in Stands of Randomly Planted Genotypes S. Smith,* R. Kuehl, I. Ray, R. Hui, and D. Soleri ABSTRACT hande, ; Nyquist, ). This approach is based Inexpensive estimates of broad-sense heritability (BSH) may be on the assumption that both random and systematicFile Size: KB.
The Characteristics of Seed Plants. Alessandra. STUDY. PLAY. characteristics seed plants share. have vascular tissue, and use pollen and seeds to reproduce; have roots, stems and leaves; life cycles including sporophyte and gametophyte (microscopic) stages Inside a seed is a partially developed plant.
If a seed lands in an area where. International Journal of Plant Research2(5): heritability estimates offers the most suitable condition for selection. Reference[ 18] reported the limtaton of estimatng heritability in narrow sense, as it i ncluded both additive and epistatic gene effects, and.
7 to 4 years). The heritability estimates in the proposed ABS were within the range of and for storage root yield and upper biomass, to for iron and zinc and > for dry matter and total carotenoids. For storage root yield the optimum resource allocation of and field plots was to plant or genotypes.
Heritability estimates for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis from pooled twin studies are andrespectively. However, this is at odds with the much lower heritability estimates from Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS).
This “missing heritability” is likely due to shortfalls in both family studies and by: The estimated broad-sense heritability on the individual plant basis is However, the corresponding estimate on the plant mean basis (average of four plants) iswhich is very high for a quantitative trait.
The high heritability may explain why traditional breeding for cowpea growth is so by: Broad sense heritability estimates were higher (>60%) for primary branches plant-1, pod length, seeds pod-1 and seed yield plant Moderate (%) heritability values were observed for pods raceme-1 and seed weight.
The expected response to selection was higher (≥20%) for seed yield plant-1 whereas, moderate. pods per plant, seeds per pod and pod length. Sheikh et al. () found high heritability estimates coupled with high genetic advanced for seed yield per plant, pods per plant and seed weight in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) genotypes.
They also reported positive correlation of all the yield components with seed by: 2. The phenotype of a plant is determined by its genetic composition, the environment in which the plant is grown, and the interaction of genotype with environment.
The challenge plant breeders face is to identify and select those plants that have genotypes conferring desirable phenotypes, rather than plants with favorable phenotypes due to environmental effects. Narrow sense.
Eight faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes were grown at lowlands of the west-Mediterranean region of Turkey in order to estimate the broad-sense heritability for plant height, number of stems and pods per plant, seed yield, biological yield, seed weight, days to flowering and by: Genetic and phenotypic parameters for height, diameter at breast height (dbh), and volume were estimated for Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon clonal seed orchard in Malawi using an ASReml program, fitting an individual tree model.
The data were from 88 clones assessed at 18, 23, 30, 35, and 40 years of age. Heritability estimates for height, dbh, and volume were moderate to Cited by: 3.
cultivars and to the viability of white clover seed production in New Zealand. Land-use changes over the past decade in Canterbury, the single largest white clover seed production area internationally, have halved the suitable land available for seed production of proprietary white clover cultivars (Pyke et al.
Large areas of land that. branches per plant, spike per plant, plant height at first raceme maturity, seed yield (Kg/Ha) and Seed weight (g). Data were analyzed using random model procedure of Plant Breeding Tools [PBTOOLS].
Estimates of heritability and predicted genotype means were derived using the Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (BLUP). Crop Science Abstract - Interpretation and Use of Estimates of Heritability and Genetic Variances in Plant Breeding 1 View My Binders.
This article in CS. Vol. 9 No. 3, p. clarify the limitations imposed on interpretation of the estimates by the assumptions. Heritability was greater than 80% for all characters studied whereas expected genetic advance ranged from low () in days to silking to high () in number of ear per plant.
Days to anthesis and silking, plant height and number of leaf per plant were positively by: 8. heritability and genetic gain (Kahrizi & MohammadiManiee et al., ). Chowdhryet at.() found moderate heritability with high genetic advance for number of tillers/plant whereas high heritability coupled with high genetic advance was reported for this trait by Ghimiray and Sarkar (), Gupta and Verma (), and.
variation were also high for days to first flower, seed weight, plant height, and harvest index. Broad-sense heritability estimate (h2) was % for seed weight, 94% for duration of reproductive phase, % for days to first flower, % for days to maturity, and % for harvest index.
This. Heritability estimates The heritability estimates provide information on transmission of trait (s) from parents to offspring. Such estimates facilitate the evaluation of genetic and environmental effects, which aid in selection.
Estimates of heritability can also be used to predict genetic advance under selection, so that the plantFile Size: 83KB. effectual in selection.
High heritability coupled with high genetic advance also gives unambiguous estimates about performance of traits. In current exploration, higher heritability was recorded for plant height, peduncle length, grains/spike and thousand grain weight under drought stress conditions.
Moreover these traits also. Heritability estimates have been found to be useful in indicating the relative value of selection based on phenotypic expression of different characters. Johnson et al. ()impressed that heritability values along with estimates of genetic gain (GG) were more useful than heritability alone in predicting the effect of selection.
High Cited by: The heritability estimates for population F3 and F4 were classified as moderate to high. The while the genetic diversity coefficient for character of plant height, number of book, total number of pods, number of pithy pods and sink size were classified as broad.
seeds weight per plant, seed weight and sink size. All data were obtain. Genetic variation in plant traits represents the raw material for future adaptive evolution. Its extent can be estimated as heritability based on the performance of experimental plants of known relatedness, such as maternal half-sib seed families.
While there is considerable heritability information for herbaceous plants and commercially. Heritability and its Genetic Worth for Plant Breeding Author: Prasanta Kumar Majhi M.
(Agri.), Junior Research Scholar, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, UAS, Dharwad, Karnataka, India. • The heritability of a metric character is one of the most important properties.
Table 1. Average values, variances and heritability estimates in 15 sunflower populations Tabela 1. Prosečne vrednosti, varijanse i procene heritabilnosti kod 15 populacija suncokreta Graph.
Heritability estimates, in broad (h2b) and narrow (h2a) sense, for head diameter in 15 sunflower populations Grafik 2. The estimates of heritabilities with limited phenotypic variance definition were,and for plant height, number of seeds per pod, seed weight, first pod height, number of seeds per plant, number of pods per plant and seed yield, by: Al-Marakby AM, Mohamed AA, Yasein M, Tolba AM.
Heritability estimates and selection for high-yielding and early-heading recombinants in segregating generations of five wheat crosses. Ann AgricSciMoshtohor. ; Kown SH, Torrie JH. Heritability and interrelationship among traits of two soybean populations.
Crop Sci. ; 4: Kumar and Dubey () gave heritability estimates for seed number per plant (50%) and pod number (45%). Miczak et al. () reported that estimated heritability ranged from to in pod number and seed number per plant.
In the present study, seed number per plant and pod number had moderate heritability. heritability estimation in soybean crosses bragantia, campinas, v, n.1, p, heritability estimation in early generations of two-way crosses in soybean(1)marcelo marchi costa (2*); antonio orlando di mauro (3); sandra helenaunÊda-trevisoli (4); nair helena castro arriel (5); ivana marino bÁrbaro (6);gustavo dias da silveira (2); franco romero silva muniz ().
Title: Heritability and genes governing number of seeds per pod in west african okra abelmoschus caillei (a, Author: Alexander Decker, Name: Heritability and genes governing number of.
Characteristics of Seed Plants By Cindy Grigg: 1 All seed plants share two characteristics. They have vascular tissue and use seeds to reproduce. In addition, they all have body plans that include leaves, stems, and roots. Most seed plants live on land. The plant's roots absorb water and nutrients from the soil.
These materials enter the. Materials. The E. nitens population used in this study was established as an OP progeny test of families from two independent seed orchards, Waiouru and Tinkers. The number of families in the Cited by: 8.
The high broad-sense pdf for firmness () (Table 2) was consistent with estimates from a study pdf on a biparental population in which H 2 was estimated at to In our study, the moderate positive correlations (r = ) between fruit firmness and fruit dimensions among the unreleased progeny suggests genetic Cited by: 6.The African Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology © Global Science Books Genotype × Environment Interactions and Heritability Estimates of Agronomic Traits in Selected Tunisian Barley Cultivars Mejda Cherif * • Salah Rezgui Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie.
43 Avenue Charles Nicolle. Cité Mahrajène, Tunis, TunisiaFile Size: KB.Ebook Variation and Heritability Estimates for Bunch Yield, Bunch Components and Vegetative Traits in Oil Palm Interspecific Hybrids Table 3 Mean squares, variance components and heritability estimates from NCM 1 analysis on yield components () in trialKluang (planted in ).
Source df FFB BN ABW.